Won No is a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Affairs at Arizona State University and earned a Master’s degree in Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin.
One of her recent paper explores the inclusiveness of the participatory budgeting (PB) process, neighborhoods’ financial needs and its relationship with participatory budgeting outcomes. Redistributive outcomes would likely follow if the PB process is designed in a way that explicitly aims to distribute more resources to poor neighborhoods. Prior research has found that PB in Porto Alegre—an influential case of PB that is cited in the literature—has been evaluated as achieving its goal of allocating more resources toward the poor. Won’s study uses the case of Seoul which does not have the explicit equity and social justice principles. The findings suggest that PB, when designed with organizational structures to encourage citizen participation, is a governance tool that a city can employ to distribute more resources to poor neighborhoods even without the presence of explicit criteria for promoting equity and social justice.
Won is currently working on her dissertation, expanding her research mentioned above, to find what makes PB redistributive even without any explicit criteria on equity, using the interview data that she conducted with about thirty participatory budgeting committee members in Seoul PB.